The use, operation and maintenance of rice transplanter - on

Release time:

2023-03-02 14:16

In recent years, large-scale agricultural machinery has played a great role in agricultural production and is favored by farmers, but through observation, it is found that many operators only pay attention to the use of the machine insertion season, and ignore the maintenance inspection and maintenance links after insertion, so that the tools often have some problems, affect normal operation, delay work to reduce efficiency, and cause adverse effects on the promotion of rice machine insertion. How to keep the machine in good technical condition and give full play to the work efficiency of the machine is the key point for the success of the promotion and development of rice machine insertion technology.

       First, do a good job of inspection before the operation of rice transplanter

1. Open the drive wheel transmission box to check the oil screw plug and check the oil.

2. Open the oil

inspection hole of the plug-in transmission box and check the oil.

3. Check whether the fuel tank is sufficient, and the insufficient should be added. When adding gasoline, smoking is strictly prohibited.

4. Carry out each active fulcrum and moving parts.

5. Open the oil

detection bolt of the gearbox, check the gear oil, and replenish until the oil detection port overflows when it is insufficient.

6. Pull out the engine dipstick, wipe it clean and put it back in, and then take out to confirm the amount of oil, the oil should be between the upper and lower lines.

7. Check whether the screws of each transmission and connection are loose, and whether the planting arm and other moving parts are blocked and damaged.

8. Turn the working part by manual method, put the total clutch in the

engaged state, put the variable speed handle in neutral, slowly shake the engine with the engine rocker, be careful not to start, and check the operation of the working part in combination with the clutch of the positioning clutch. The rotation time should make the box move more than one reciprocating stroke to prevent the separation needle from colliding with the box.

9. Start starting the engine after manual inspection is normal: put all operating handles to the neutral position, wrench the positioning clutch handle to the "off" position, put the speed control handle in the "high-speed" position, pull up the decompression handle with the left hand, and shake the starting lever with the right hand.

10. Hear the fuel injection sound made by the injector, indicating that there is diesel fuel into the cylinder, and then speed up the rocking, and suddenly release the decompression handle, at this time the right hand then shake l ~ 2 turns, the diesel engine can start. After starting, the starting rocker will disengage and slide out on its own, and you must not let go, so as not to fly out and hurt people.

11. After starting, move the speed control handle slightly to the low speed to reduce the black smoke of the diesel engine, and then put it in the middle position. Make the diesel engine idle for 3~5 minutes to work. After the engine runs smoothly, use medium and slow speed to make the transplanting working part run empty for 10 minutes.

Second, the operation method of rice transplanter loading and supplementary seedling

1. When using the tray to raise seedlings, gently lift the end of the seedlings

with your hands, insert the rice transport board to take out the seedlings, and be careful not to break the seedlings or break the seedlings. When filling the empty rice box, the rice box should be moved to one side, and the rice flakes should be added after the separation needle is empty for 1 time.

2. The rice

piece should be closely attached to the bottom surface of the rice box, do not arch at the straw door, and the straw pressing rod should have a gap of 5~6 mm with the rice sheet.

3. The seedlings in the

straw box should be renewed in time before the straw delivery wheel is exposed, otherwise the amount of seedlings planted will be significantly reduced. When adding seedlings, the joints of the seedlings should be aligned without leaving gaps. When loading and adding rice sheets, let the rice pieces slide down freely, if necessary, you can properly inject water between the rice box and the rice sheets, do not push and press the rice pieces by hand, to prevent the deformation of the rice pieces and affect the uniformity of transplanting.

4. A 580 mm

× 280 mm standard rice piece can generally be inserted at a distance of more than 50 meters, so the action of the rice loader should be calm, not nervous. When a piece of rice cannot be loaded, do not tear the piece at will, but roll up the part that cannot be put into the box on the box (do not fold), and spread it out after the piece slides freely and has an empty position.

5. When resting or stopping planting for a long time, the remaining seedlings in the straw box should be taken out, the straw box and the seedling door should be cleaned, the seedling roots entangled on the straw delivery wheel should be removed, and whether the amount of seedlings taken should be consistent.

6. Safety rules in rice transplanting work; During the process of transplanting, it is not allowed to touch the rotating parts, and it is strictly forbidden to clean the rice door without stopping. When there is debris stuck in the separation needle, it should be stopped immediately to remove the debris and remove the remaining seedlings that have not been inserted, and then transplant the seedlings.

7. Ask the driving method: Before entering the paddy field, consider the walking route and the entry and exit route of the transfer plot to minimize the artificial seedling replenishment area.

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Working process and principle of rice transplanter

The working process of rice transplanter varies due to different structures, but the basic process is roughly the same. Its principle of "group successive grid to take seedlings and directly plant" is: the seedlings are neatly put into the rice box in the group state, and move laterally with the rice box, so that the rice taker takes away a certain number of seedlings in separate compartments, and under the action of the transplanting trajectory control mechanism, the seedlings are inserted into the soil according to agronomic requirements, and the rice taker is then returned to the rice box according to a certain trajectory to take the seedlings.

How to plant rice with rice machinery?

With the rapid promotion of mechanized agricultural production, many farmers can enjoy the convenience brought by mechanical planting. As far as the most common rice planting in China is concerned, rice machine transplanting has become the main transplanting method for most large planters, but often cannot grasp the relevant technical points when using rice machine transplanting, resulting in slow rejuvenation of rice and prolonged growth period. Let's learn the key points of rice transplanting technology in the rice machine.

The use, operation and maintenance of rice transplanter - on

In recent years, large-scale agricultural machinery has played a great role in agricultural production and is favored by farmers, but through observation, it is found that many operators only pay attention to the use of the machine insertion season, and ignore the maintenance inspection and maintenance links after insertion, so that the tools often have some problems, affect normal operation, delay work to reduce efficiency, and cause adverse effects on the promotion of rice machine insertion. How to keep the machine in good technical condition and give full play to the work efficiency of the machine is the key point for the success of the promotion and development of rice machine insertion technology.

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