How to plant rice with rice machinery?

Release time:

2023-03-02 14:16

With the rapid promotion of mechanized agricultural production, many farmers can enjoy the convenience brought by mechanical planting. As far as the most common rice planting in China is concerned, rice machine transplanting has become the main transplanting method for most large planters, but often cannot grasp the relevant technical points when using rice machine transplanting, resulting in slow rejuvenation of rice and prolonged growth period. Let's learn the key points of rice transplanting technology in the rice machine.

Mechanical rice transplanting

First, the seedling situation When transplanting

rice machine seedlings, the transplanting age should be suitable, the general seedling age is 13~20 days, the leaf age is maintained at 2.7~3.5 leaves, and the roots should be better.

Second, drainage and sinking rice machine 3~4 days before transplanting to carry out leveling transplanting field, the first 1~2 days to drain water, (thin mud field should be 3~4 days in advance), the field mud is required to be solid, which is conducive to the operation of the transplanter.

3. When the shallow water is irrigated to about 1cm before transplanting the rice machine, the base fertilizer (15~20kg/mu) is applied according to the conventional seed preparation method. This is where the transplanting effect is best. If there is too little water on the field, it is difficult for the transplanter to walk; The water on the field surface is too deep, the seedlings are not straight, the depth of transplanting is uneven, there are many floating seedlings lacking seedlings, and it is easy to push the seedlings and press the seedlings during the walking process of the transplanter. Key points of rice machine transplanting technology

Fourth, the depth of transplanting depth rice machine transplanting has a great impact on the rejuvenation of seedlings,

generally when the depth of transplanting is about 1cm, there is no phenomenon of inverted seedlings and floating seedlings, and the rejuvenation is fast. When the transplanting depth is 0~0.5cm, it is easy to scatter seedlings, pour seedlings, and float seedlings; The depth of transplanting is more than 2cm, which inhibits the rejuvenation of seedlings, and small seedlings and weak seedlings are easy to stiffen if they are inserted too deeply.

5. Principle of transplanting density (1): dense planting of early rice, sparse planting of medium rice; Dense planting with short growth period and sparse planting of varieties with long growth period; Varieties with poor tillering ability are densely planted, and varieties with strong tillering ability are sparsely planted; In addition, according to the fertilizer situation, the general fertile field can be appropriately thinned. (2) Density: According to the fertility, cultivation level, planting varieties, etc., reasonably determine the appropriate cultivation density, and achieve reasonable dense planting. The general transplanting specifications are: early rice 18~25×12~14cm, medium rice 25~30×20~24cm. (3) Seedling replenishment: Artificial seedling replenishment is carried out in places where the leakage rate is more than 10%, the four corners of the field and the blank space of the finishing turn of the transplanter.

6. Transplanting the first box of each field is empty, starting from the second box mother book, leaving empty around the field block first, and finally finishing planting. In general, mechanical transplanting is not as manual as manual transplanting, so everyone needs to grasp each key link of transplanting and transplanting, and at the same time pay attention to cooperate with the management of the field in the later stage, not that mechanical transplanting must be accurate after cutting, and you can sit back and relax. Only in this way can the harvest of rice be well guaranteed.

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Working process and principle of rice transplanter

The working process of rice transplanter varies due to different structures, but the basic process is roughly the same. Its principle of "group successive grid to take seedlings and directly plant" is: the seedlings are neatly put into the rice box in the group state, and move laterally with the rice box, so that the rice taker takes away a certain number of seedlings in separate compartments, and under the action of the transplanting trajectory control mechanism, the seedlings are inserted into the soil according to agronomic requirements, and the rice taker is then returned to the rice box according to a certain trajectory to take the seedlings.

How to plant rice with rice machinery?

With the rapid promotion of mechanized agricultural production, many farmers can enjoy the convenience brought by mechanical planting. As far as the most common rice planting in China is concerned, rice machine transplanting has become the main transplanting method for most large planters, but often cannot grasp the relevant technical points when using rice machine transplanting, resulting in slow rejuvenation of rice and prolonged growth period. Let's learn the key points of rice transplanting technology in the rice machine.

The use, operation and maintenance of rice transplanter - on

In recent years, large-scale agricultural machinery has played a great role in agricultural production and is favored by farmers, but through observation, it is found that many operators only pay attention to the use of the machine insertion season, and ignore the maintenance inspection and maintenance links after insertion, so that the tools often have some problems, affect normal operation, delay work to reduce efficiency, and cause adverse effects on the promotion of rice machine insertion. How to keep the machine in good technical condition and give full play to the work efficiency of the machine is the key point for the success of the promotion and development of rice machine insertion technology.

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